Causes Of Bleeding Gum And Treatment

Causes of bleeding gum and treatment

Bleeding gums really require urgent treatment, Often times this bleeding can be caused by harmful plaque and the millions of bacteria in it.

These plagues and the bacterias found at or around the gum line being left to develop gingivitis. Gingivitis, a mild form of gum disease, may require urgent treatment and improved oral hygiene to help eliminate it.

To Avoid Bleeding? Things You Should Do

While caring for your teeth is important, many people forget the value of caring for your gums as part of an important oral hygiene regimen.

They are the foundation of a healthy mouth and if you’re not taking care of them, you’re really at risk for bleeding gum and other oral health issues.

Since gums provide important support for your teeth, take good care of them and take action if you notice bleeding gums.

Causes Of Bleeding Gum.

Causes of bleeding gum include:
  • periodontitis (an advanced form of gum disease)
  • gingivitis (Gum inflammation)
  • leukemia (cancer of the blood)
  • vitamin deficiency
  • lack of clotting cells (platelets)
  • not brushing the teeth often enough, or at least twice a day
  • using a toothbrush that is too hard or stiff
  • using a frayed, worn toothbrush that no longer cleans effectively
  • using dental floss roughly, instead of gently pushing it down and hugging the sides of each tooth
  • taking certain medicines, such as aspirin, blood thinners, or ibuprofen.

The dental menace conditions causing bleeding gums…


Most people develop gingivitis when plaque stays on gum lines too long. Plaque refers to the debris and bacteria that stick to your teeth.

If plaque isn’t removed it can harden into tartar (calculus), which will increase bleeding. The accumulation of plaque near your gums can also cause gingivitis.

Common symptoms Gingivitis…

  • puffy gums
  • soreness in the mouth and around the gums
  • bleeding gums.

Periodontitis Disease…

Periodontal disease (periodontitis) can occur when gingivitis becomes advanced. Periodontal disease is an infection of the gums, jawbone, and supportive tissues that connect your teeth and gums.

Out Come: Periodontitis can cause your teeth to loosen or fall out.

Vitamin deficiencies…

Vitamin C and vitamin K deficiencies can also cause gums to bleed easily.

Ask your doctor to check your levels of vitamins C and K if you have bleeding gums that aren’t caused by improper dental care. Also, follow a diet that contains both nutrients to ensure you’re getting the vitamins you need to stay healthy.

Other Causes Of Bleeding Gum:

Pregnancy is a common cause of gum bleeding. Hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy can cause the gums to be more sensitive.

Bleeding disorders like hemophilia and leukemia can also increase your risk of bleeding gums. Your gums might bleed more often if you’re used to taking blood-thinning medications.

Bleeding Gum Treatment And Prevention:

I believe we have been able to establish the causes of bleeding gum, the next thing is how best we can avoid this plague and also maintain oral dental health.

Do this Always For Better Prevention:

Brush Often:

Brushing with a soft-bristle toothbrush in a circular motion will help stimulate your gums, help prevent bleeding gums and strengthen the tissue that protects your teeth.

Brush with Anti-Gingivitis Toothpaste that can neutralize the plaque found around the gum line.

Floss Daily: 

Flossing is one of the most important ways to help prevent bleeding gums and maintain good oral health. It removes plaque and food particles that may be under the gum line and lead to bleeding gums.

Avoid Tobacco: 

Tobacco use can damage your gums, and can also make you far more likely to develop gum disease.

See a Dentist Regularly: 

Harmful plaque bacteria can even lead to issues beyond gingivitis like weakened tooth enamel. The cleaning performed twice a year at your dentist’s office will remove plaque and tartar that can’t be removed at home. This will help prevent bleeding gums and keep your mouth healthy.

You should visit your dentist for a professional cleaning and dental exam at least twice a year. This can help prevent early gum disease from progressing into more serious gum disease.

Maintain a Healthy Lifestyle: 

The American Dental Association recommends eating a balanced diet and avoiding between-meal snacking. Also, reducing stress from your life can help prevent gum disease.

Treatment For Bleeding Gum:

causes of bleeding gum and treatment

Here’re the ways you can treat your bleeding gum…

Use Good Mouthwash:

Antibacterial mouthwashes can both treat and prevent bleeding gums. They kill bacteria and reduce inflammation to soothe sore, swollen, and bleeding gums.

Mouthwash can also treat and prevent gingivitis, which is a common cause of bleeding gums.

Common active ingredients in mouthwashes include:

  • chlorohexidine
  • hydrogen peroxide

You need to always keep your a mouthwash on hand to treat bleeding gums whenever they may occur,’ rather than wait for its occurrence, Prevention is for me… what you think?…

Use Warm-Water Salt Rinsing:

Rinsing the mouth with salt water can help reduce bacteria and speed up healing times. According to the American Dental Association (ADA), a person can make an oral salt rinse by adding half a teaspoon of salt to 8 ounces of warm water.

Swish the salt rinse around the mouth to cleanse the area and then spit the liquid out. Repeat this several times a day, or according to instructions from your dentist.

Coconut Oil:

Coconut oil, with its natural healing properties, is a great option for treating bleeding gums. The anti-inflammatory nature of coconut oil can reduce inflammation in your gums, while its antimicrobial properties can help fight the plaque in your mouth.

What to do;

  1. Swish coconut oil in your mouth for 10-15 minutes.
  2. Do this once in a day.

Clove Oil:

Clove oil contains phenolic compounds like eugenol, which imparts anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties to it. Additionally, clove oil is also a natural analgesic. These properties are highly effective in treating bleeding gums and gingivitis.

What to do;

  1. Mix clove oil with coconut oil.
  2. Apply this blend directly to your bleeding gums.
  3. Leave it on for 5-10 minutes.
  4. Do this twice a day.


Honey is antibacterial and is a proven remedy against bacterial infections like gingivitis that cause your gums to bleed. It also possesses exceptional healing and anti-inflammatory properties that can help reduce the inflammation and swelling of your gums.

What to do;

  1. Take a little honey on your fingertips and massage it gently on your gums.
  2. Do this at least twice a day.

Cayenne Pepper:

Cayenne pepper is a rich source of a compound called capsaicin. Capsaicin has exceptional pain-relieving properties and also helps reduce the inflammation and swelling of the gums. It is also antibacterial and can hence treat microbial infections that cause your gums to bleed.

What to do;

  1. Wet your toothbrush and add a pinch of cayenne pepper to it.
  2. Brush your teeth.
  3. Do this one or twice a day.


Lemons are used for various purposes due to their antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. While the antibacterial nature of lemons can combat bacterial infections that cause your gums to become weak and bleed, their anti-inflammatory properties can be helpful in healing the swelling and bleeding.

What to do;

  • Take a lemon and squeeze its juice.
  • Mix the lemon juice with a cup of water.
  • Use this solution to rinse your mouth after every meal.
  • Do this after every meal…
Bottom Line:

Pain, redness, or bleeding of the gums should not happen every day. But if the problem arises frequently or does not go away with all these good oral hygiene practices, See a healthcare professional for signs of infection. A dentist can check for early-stage gum disease and other issues.


About Buchi Trevo 31 Articles
(Buchi Trevo) I love living healthy and I enjoy eating healthy foods too... A health coach and a nutritionist at Buchi-Trevo... drop a comment and let us connect.

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